I watched a video on camera shots and angles by D4Darious. He explains and shows them very well.
I decided to take down and disect each shot and write a description on how each shot works what it does. I did it with every shot to also have a log of what each shot can do so I can refer to something.
Extreme Wide Shot: Showing the suroundings and setting. This can have characters in it, or it can just give us a view of the landscape. This shot also allows people in the shot to appear small and the suroundings bigger, to have a scale of what is in the shot.
Wide Shot / Full Shot: A focus on the subject including the whole body or object with having plenty of space to see the enviornment around the focused point. This can be used to exagerate the smallness of a character.
Medium Full Shot / Cowboy Shot: This shot will include the knees up on a person.
Medium Shot: This shot will show the waist up to get good view of the surroundings and a closer view of the character(s) in the shot.
Medium Close-Up Shot / Bust Shot: This shot is taken about chest up, This has the same effect on as the medium shot but just gets a closer view of the actors face.
Close-Up Shot: This shot shows just the head and shoulders to see extreme detail on facial expressions.
Extreme Close-Up Shot: This shot will just show the head, or part of the face. This is a more exagerated close-up shot to exagerate more vibrant detail on the face.
Cut In / Insert Shots: This is used to focus on an object that is important in a scene.
Cut Away Shot: This is used to move away from the main focus of the shot to a whole different place/setting/location.
P.O.V. Shot: This is seeing from a characters point of view (P.O.V.)
Over the Shoulder Shot (O.T.S.): This shot is when you place the camera behind the actor with the shoulder and head in view (from the backside) looking forward.
2 Shot: This is having two people in the frame. You have each actor take up the same amount of space on camera. This is used in conversations. This is a type of shot that can be an close-up or far away.
Eye Level Shot: This shot is taken at eye level and has a neutral impact on what the viewer should think.
Low Angle Shot: This is where the camera is placed lower and looking upward the subject or character in the shot. This makes the character appeal more powerful.
Extreme Low Angle Shot: this is lower than the low angle shot to establish them to have supreme power.
High Angle Shot: This is when the camera is placed above the actor and looking downward. This exagerates how weak someone is or someone with less power.
Overhead Shot: This shot is taken directly above the actors head and looking downward.
Dutch Tilt Shot: This shot is used to confuse whoever is watching and to tell that there is something wrong in the scene that the director wants exagerated.
Pan Shot: This is moving the camera and focusing on the charactor while moving side to side.
Tilt Shot: This is when the camera moves upward from looking downward.
Hand Held Shot: When you hold the camera.
Steady Camera Shot: This is steady because you are using a steady camera.
Dolly Shot: This is when you move the camera forward or backward on a track or slider,
Zoom in Shot: This is when you zoom in and amplify what the main focused point is.